Harvest is rolling on with few disruptions as yet, which is great news for supply and quality. Queensland and Northern NSW have been going for three weeks, South Australia and WA ramped up a fortnight ago and southern NSW and the Victorian Mallee started last week.
Good early yields have prompted some forecasters to up their production estimates, and it might be touch and go as to whether we produce a record this year. The Grain Industry Association of WA (GIWA) increased their total winter crop forecast by 7.7% last week, with wheat up 6.8% to 7.9 million tonnes.
WA is not where the increase will come from however, with ABARES September Crop Report forecasting an 8.9 million tonne wheat crop. Despite the increase, the GIWA prediction is still a million tonnes below ABARES.
The big increases in tonnage will come from NSW, Victoria and SA. In September, ABARES were already forecasting strong yields and over 10 million tonnes from NSW. In 2016 we saw average NSW yields of 3t/ha, and if this is achieved again it would add 840,000 tonnes.
If Victoria and SA achieve yields similar to 2016 it would add a further 2.8 million tonnes. Deducting 1 million tonnes from WA wheat yields gives total Australian production of 31.5 million tonnes. If production hits 31.5 million tonnes, it would be a 9% increase on the September estimate, and just 300,000 tonnes off the all-time record hit in 2016-17.
Most of the extra wheat would have to be exported, and given Australia is still a major exporter in good years, it will add significant supply to world markets. The latest USDA WASDE had Australian production pegged at 28.5mmt, so there might be an extra 3mmt.
Figure 2 shows world wheat exports were pegged at 190.5mmt, with an extra 3mmt from Australia lifting global wheat exports by 1.6%, a new record would be set.
What does it mean?
Global wheat prices have been easing in recent weeks, largely on the back of improving northern hemisphere conditions which have wiped $20/t from Chicago SRW swaps. The market will have to wait another three weeks before the ABARES and the USDA update Australian production and exports, but an improvement in export supplies could see some further easing in the wheat complex.
- There has been speculation the Australian wheat crop could surpass 30mmt given benign weather recently.
- A boost to Australian supply could push world wheat export supplies to new records.
- The USDA hasn’t yet factored in a bigger Aussie crop, and this could add more pressure to prices in early December.
Click on graph to expand
Click on graph to expand
Data sources: ABARES, GIWA, USDA, Mecardo.