Disappointing yields help to lift prices

A week can be a long time in grain marketing. It won’t be the last time I mutter this under my breath as the seemingly obvious market trajectory is taken on a different course. This time it was the USDA’s June acreage report. Corn (and to a lesser extent wheat) acres came in significantly under the trades expectations, effectively wiping 25mmt off the corn balance sheet. The fund managers who held a record short (sold position) for this time of year have been burned and have had to do some serious readjusting.

What does it all mean?  For one thing, it brings weather over the next few weeks into much sharper focus.  The US corn crop was sown early into ideal conditions.  It is looking good at 70% good to excellent (down 2% on last week).  The critical pollination period is about to start – right in time for the first seasons heat wave. Pollinating corn and heat are not good bedfellows and it tends to make the market nervous.   How this impacts wheat will be interesting to follow.

The sharp rally in wheat on Wednesday was caused by successive cuts to global production.  Firstly, French analyst AgriMer penned a 21% reduction in soft wheat production year on year.  While this was largely expected, to have it confirmed seemed to rattle the market.  Argentina has also reduced expected production to 18-19mmt, down ~3mmt on the back of dry planting conditions.  As above, the rally was exacerbated by fund managers readjusting their short positions in CBOT wheat.

On the subject of wheat, Russian yields have not improved as expected.  We know that southern areas in the Russian Federation have performed poorly (~50% yield decline year on year) but the key wheat-producing regions of Rostov and Krasnodar were expected to compensate.  However, more recent yield updates indicate that Krasnodar yields are running about 4.5t/ha down 25% year on year. Current estimates for Russian wheat production narrowed slightly to 75-80mmt.

The rest of the world seems to be quietly going about its business.  The EU27, while having lost a fair bit of its potential early, has stabilised after recent rain. Barley harvest is at 49% complete and wheat harvest around 4% complete.  Good to excellent crop ratings unchanged at 56%.  Canada had some beneficial summer storms through most of the prairies which will no doubt help crop prospects there.

Ultimately, there will be a few bumps along the way as the market digests weather and production data during the next few months.  The important thing to remember is that stocks to use is relatively tight in the major exporters and any production cuts are going to have an impact. The fun is only just beginning.

Next week

After such a sharp rally in wheat, you would expect the profit takers to come in and reclaim some of the gains.  Watch for further production cuts to Russia which should see positive price action.  Domestically, consumers are lifting old crop barley bids to help fill the winter feed gap.

Have any questions or comments?

We love to hear from you!

Click on graph to expand

Click on graph to expand

Data sources: CME, USDA, Next Level Grain Marketing

Make decisions with confidence- ask about our board packs, bespoke forecasting and risk management services
Wheat field with blue sky
Grains & Oilseeds

Wheat takes a breather

The wheat market has stalled a little in the past couple of days. The bullish reaction to the Russian export tax story has dulled a

Read More »
Grains & Oilseeds

From Russia with love

The wheat market is in chaos and it is due to political interference more than any fundamental issue. We know that wheat is riding the

Read More »
Grains & Oilseeds

Wheat and Canola holiday boost

The main driver of increasing international wheat prices over the traditionally slow holiday period appears to be the falling US dollar. There has been a

Read More »

Don’t have an account with us? Join free.

You can have full premium access to all of our content with a monthly or annual subscription. 

Alternatively, create a free account to access our Insights blog and two free premium article a month!

Independent analysis and outlook for wool, livestock and grain markets delivered to you as it’s published

Commodity conversations podcast cover image, a illustration of a sheep standing on a cow's back with grain either side
Listen to the podcast

Join the Mecardo team for the Commodity Conversations podcast, where we provide short weekly market recaps and longer conversations with guests to discuss the drivers and trends in livestock, grain and fibre markets.

Photo of a farmer surrounded by Merino sheep in dusty yards
Research: Analysis of the Australian sheep flock

In this report for LiveCorp and MLA, we analysed the historical trends in the demographics of the Australian sheep flock, examining domestic factors that influence farm-level enterprise decision making. 

Image of harvested grain pouring into a chaser bin
SERVICES AND CAPABILITIES STATEMENT BROCHURE

We don’t just bring you the most up to date market insights. Find out more about Mecardo’s services including risk management advisory, modelling, benchmarking, research & consultancy.