Live sheep exports slip as trade stalled

Sheep moving through gate

The Middle Eastern summer live sheep export prohibition period has now kicked in, and will remain in place until mid-September. With total sheep exports dropping 17 per cent year-on-year so far, Australia’s end of year tally could be significantly lower at the close of 2020.

Despite a surge of live sheep exports in March, volumes for April and May remained below year-ago levels, and resulted in 287,885 head being exported – the lowest recorded second quarter total since 1989 (when published results became available). This has had little impact on the results for the financial year, with total exports for the 12-months ending June down just 1% year-on-year, but does not bode well for the calendar year tally, with no sheep headed off-shore for most of the third quarter.

Looking at our specific trading markets, Kuwait is now the largest for live sheep, and volumes for both the April-June quarter, and the past financial year, were higher year-on-year. In fact, they jumped 15% for the 12-months to June, with a shipment sneaking through in June helping this along. Also receiving higher volumes in the second quarter was Jordan, another market that was up 15% for the financial year.

Rounding out the top three is Qatar, leading the race in terms of volume for the first quarter of 2020, taking 34% of all live sheep leaving Australian shores. It fell dramatically in the second quarter however, with the year to June total dipping 29%.

The slow-down in the food service industry has had obvious repercussions for Australian exports into the Middle East, but it is not the only way COVID-19 has impacted trade.

If we look to Australia’s sheepmeat exports for the second quarter, it goes someway to explaining the live export volumes headed to our top three markets. Jordon and Kuwait had smaller falls in live export volumes but have imported significantly less chilled product from Australia as travel bans limited their air-freight options. Qatar, on the otherhand, has maintained their total chilled sheepmeat intake from Australia (and their air travel), while their live export volumes fell significantly.

What does it mean?

Exports for the April-June quarter did not lift as the industry may have been hoping for in the lead up to the stall in trade for the Middle Eastern summer, and the export volumes achieved were predominately supported by falling chilled carcass exports because of COVID-19 travel restrictions.  

With year to June live sheep export volumes sitting at just above 580,000, the lowest figure on record, teamed with the current moratorium on trade, it is more than likely Australia’s trading partners in this market will start looking elsewhere to ensure supply. And with Australian livestock prices some of the highest in the world, coupled with the lowest Australian flock in 100 years, the risk is they won’t look back when the boats start again in September.

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Key Points

  • Live sheep export volumes for the second quarter were at their lowest on record and 243,928 head below the five year average for the year to June.
  • Qatar volumes slip 29% for the year to date, with Kuwait down 3% and Jordan dipping 8%.
  • Competition from other exporters will intensify in the third quarter as Australian trade to the Middle East stops under moratorium.

Click on graph to expand

Click on graph to expand

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Data sources: MLA, LiveCorp, DAWE, Mecardo

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