Golden grain harvest

Grain markets started to get a bit choppy this week as forecast rains materialised in key production origins in the US, Russia and Brazil. A ‘winter’ storm has lashed parts of the key US HRW areas of Kansas and Oklahoma dropping between 5-6” of wet snow on previously very dry soils. This is expected to help the winter wheats establish and get hardened before the onset of winter. The first crop rating for US winter has the crop at 41% gd-exc compared with the average of 53% gd-exc.

Similarly, the southern Russian areas around the Black Sea got some useful rains last weekend, temporarily providing some relief.  Temperatures remain relatively mild which will allow the crops to continue vegetative growth and aid in their establishment. A further round of rain is forecast this weekend.

On the flip side, Argentina’s grain exchange (BAGE) cut their expectations of the 20/21 crop to 16.8mmt (from 17.5mmt) on the back of observed frost damage and drought.  The South American rains appeared to have favoured Brazil over Argentina which will be of benefit to the soybean crop there.  Planting pace has risen from 6% last week to 23% this week. This is having a flow-on effect to canola with prices easing over the past couple of days.

Also adding support to commodity markets in general is the on-going demand from China.  The country is truly an enigma.  Corn and soybean demand is through the roof with China likely to announce an increase in its low tariff corn quota.  Black Sea corn harvest has been revised backwards, which throws more demand to the US, further supporting price.  We know that corn prices have a pretty direct correlation to wheat prices, so coupled with on-going demand for wheat, it is no great surprise we are seeing a sharp increase in global prices.  France has emerged as a major supplier of wheat into China and Canada’s barley export program is running at 3 times the average pace (source C Penner @LeftFieldCR).

Lastly, the spectre of COVID is rising again.  The list of new infections in Europe is quickly getting out of hand.  France recorded over 120k this week.  Similarly, the US infection rate is picking up as well, with 140k new cases in two days.  We saw in May/June of this year what lockdowns and food security needs did to the market.  Crude oil is down on concerns of further lockdowns and the AUD is hovering just on 0.70USc.  As the northern hemisphere heads into winter, it feels like mandatory lockdowns are a ‘fait accompli’ and with it, more market volatility.

Next week

As the long positions in the Ag commodity markets are gradually unwound, expect the market to creep back day by day.  More purchases from China or a return to dry conditions will be required to turn the market around.

Have any questions or comments?

We love to hear from you!

Click on graph to expand

Click on graph to expand

Data sources: USDA, SovEcon, Left Field CR, Mecardo.

Make decisions with confidence- ask about our board packs, bespoke forecasting and risk management services

Have any questions or comments?

We love to hear from you!
Grains & Oilseeds

Why are diesel prices smoking?

Australian diesel prices for farmers have reached their highest levels on record recently, but what has been the cause, and will the situation improve anytime

Read More »
round hay bales
Grains & Oilseeds

Demand dry in the hay market

Feed demand and hence prices can be looked at as a solid indicator of pastoral conditions, producer intentions, and of course availability. QLD hay prices

Read More »
Australian wheat shipping terminal
Grains & Oilseeds

The sharks are circling

It was a bloodbath in the agricultural commodities last night, indeed the whole week. Since last Friday, Dec ’22 wheat has lost 139¢/bu or $62/t

Read More »
Percentiles with a background image of hay bales

Percentiles – June 2022

Mecardo’s Percentiles update for June 2022. Click below to view the latest report Grains Oilseeds Sheep and lambs Cattle Wool Dairy Fuel Percentiles are an important

Read More »

Don’t have an account with us? Join free.

You can have full premium access to all of our content with a monthly or annual subscription. 

Alternatively, create a free account to access our Insights blog and two free premium article a month!

Independent analysis and outlook for wool, livestock and grain markets delivered to you as it’s published

Commodity conversations podcast cover image, a illustration of a sheep standing on a cow's back with grain either side
Listen to the podcast

Join the Mecardo team for the Commodity Conversations podcast, where we provide short weekly market recaps and longer conversations with guests to discuss the drivers and trends in livestock, grain and fibre markets.

Photo of a farmer surrounded by Merino sheep in dusty yards
Research: Analysis of the Australian sheep flock

In this report for LiveCorp and MLA, we analysed the historical trends in the demographics of the Australian sheep flock, examining domestic factors that influence farm-level enterprise decision making. 

Image of harvested grain pouring into a chaser bin

We don’t just bring you the most up to date market insights. Find out more about Mecardo’s services including risk management advisory, modelling, benchmarking, research & consultancy.