If we assume, that this plan does go ahead, and Ukrainian grain once again has a ‘reliable’ channel through which to export its grain this could strip away any risk premium that has been built into the market. While major exporter stocks are tighter year on year, the freeing up of Ukrainian grain would have an immediate impact on global food prices.
The Egyptian Grain Authority (GASC) announced a tender over the weekend for 300kmt of wheat. After all 30 offers were considered, a relatively paltry 60kmt was ordered from Romania at US$256/t FOB. Russian bids remained firm at US$270/t (their official floor) which the Egyptians politely declined. GASC has previously stated they were unhappy that the competitive nature of sourcing grain had been lessened with Ukraine’s annexation from the Black Sea.
A good spring in Russia has seen SovEcon raise Russian production from 87mmt to 92mmt with the Northern/Central Spring wheat crops better than expected. This will again place Russia as the #1 wheat exporter in the 23/24 season and the likely price setter for some time to come. By setting an artificial floor price and kicking out the multinationals, Russia is effectively setting up a single-desk wheat export policy, whereby if you want their grain, you have to pay their price.
The US Profarmer tour is being run with participants finding corn and bean yields close to expectations. Current findings have yields slightly above the 5-year average at 175 bushels/acre for corn (vs the 5-year average of 173 bushels/acre) and 50.9 bushes/acre (50.0) for beans. It justifies the dip we have seen in the row crop markets.
With Wagner Group in the news again, what it means for the war in Ukraine is uncertain, however it removes an obstacle for Putin in terms of his overall grip on power. While the ag market took this news in its stride, it does highlight the enormous risk that the Black Sea is experiencing and the incredibly complex dynamic it has created.
Conversely, when it comes to bulk imports such as fertiliser the cost of freight is likely to drastically fall. This may provide some cushion should we see any supply driven rises in fertiliser price